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Placed: 08.09.2015 11:33:29

Three Odessa families were awarded the title «Righteous among the Nations»

The Mayor of Odessa Gennadiy Trukhanov: Righteous among the Nations - a vivid example of humanism, humanity, compassion and readiness to help, even at the cost of his own life. Photo

A solemn ceremony of awarding the Righteous among the Nations was held in Odessa City council on September 7, 2015, in the framework of Days of Israel and Jewish culture. The event was attended by the mayor of Odessa Gennadiy Trukhanov, chairman of the Odessa regional council Mikhail Shmushkovich, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Israel to Ukraine Mr. Eliav Belotserkovsky, Chief Rabbi of Odessa and Southern Ukraine Avraham Wolf, director of the Israeli cultural center in Odessa Boleslav Yatvetsky, representatives of diplomatic missions.

"Righteous among the Nations" refers to those who were risking their lives during the war to save Jews from the Nazi genocide. This title is awarded by the Israeli Institute Yad Vashem (Holocaust National Memorial (Holocaust), and heroism. It is located in Jerusalem).

The Commission of memorial museum Yad Vashem awarded three Odessa families the titles of Righteous among the Nations in sign of deepest gratitude for the assistance given to the Jewish people during the World War II.

The Mayor of Odessa Gennadiy Trukhanov noted when congratulating families that Righteous among the Nations - a vivid example of humanism, humanity, compassion and readiness to help, even at the cost of  own life.

Information

 
Righteous among the Nations is an honorific used by the State of Israel to describe non-Jews who risked their lives during the Holocaust to save Jews from extermination by the Nazis.

The term originates with the concept of "righteous gentiles," a term used in rabbinical Judaism to refer to non-Jews, as ger toshav and ger zedek, who abide by the Seven Laws of Noah.
When Yad Vashem, the Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority, was established in 1953 by the Knesset, one of its tasks was to commemorate the "Righteous among the Nations". The Righteous were defined as non-Jews who risked their lives to save Jews during the Holocaust. Since 1963, a commission headed by a justice of the Supreme Court of Israel has been charged with the duty of awarding the honorary title "Righteous among the Nations". The commission is guided in its work by certain criteria and meticulously studies all documentation, including evidence by survivors and other eyewitnesses; evaluates the historical circumstances and the element of risk to the rescuer; and then decides if the case accords with the criteria.

To be recognized as "Righteous", a person has to fulfill several criteria:

- only a Jewish party can put a nomination forward;
-helping a family member or Jewish person convert to Christianity is not a criterion for recognition;
-the assistance has to be repeated and/or substantial; and
-the assistance has to be given without any financial gain expected in return (although covering normal expenses such as rent or food is acceptable).
A person who is recognized as "Righteous among the Nations" for having taken risks to help Jews during the Holocaust is awarded a medal in his/her name, a certificate of honor, and the privilege of having the name added to those on the Wall of Honor in the Garden of the Righteous at Yad Vashem in Jerusalem. (The last is in lieu of a tree planting, which was discontinued for lack of space.) The awards are distributed to the rescuers or their next-of-kin during ceremonies in Israel, or in their countries of residence through the offices of Israel's diplomatic representatives. These ceremonies are attended by local government representatives and are given wide media coverage.

The Yad Vashem Law also authorizes Yad Vashem "to confer honorary citizenship upon the Righteous among the Nations, and if they have passed away, the commemorative citizenship of the State of Israel, in recognition of their actions." Anyone who has been recognized as Righteous among the Nations is entitled to apply to Yad Vashem for the certificate. If the Righteous among the Nations is no longer alive, their next of kin is entitled to request that commemorative citizenship be conferred on the Righteous among the Nations who has died. Recipients who choose to live in the state of Israel are entitled to a pension equal to the average national wage and free health care, as well as assistance with housing and nursing care.

As of 1 January 2011, 23,788 men and women from 45 countries have been recognized as Righteous among the Nations, representing over 10,000 authenticated rescue stories. Yad Vashem's policy is to pursue the program for as long as petitions for this title are received and are supported by solid evidence that meets the criteria.



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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